Nous avons sélectionné les principaux rapports, études ou dossiers publiés en français ou en anglais sur l'économie et la finance mondiale. Nous ne sélectionnons que les documents en accès libre. Entrer le nom désiré dans la boîte de recherche ci-dessous : une complétion automatique vous indique quels articles existent. Cliquer sur le terme voulu, le moteur de recherche vous y emmène directement.
Europe is closing its innovation gap with the United States and Japan but differences in performance between EU Member States are still high and diminishing only slowly. At a regional level, the innovation gap is widening, with the innovation performance having worsened in almost one fifth of EU regions.
These are the main results of the European Commission's Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014 and the Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2014. The overall ranking within the EU remains relatively stable, with Sweden at the top, followed by Denmark, Germany and Finland – the four countries that invest most in research and innovation.
The countries whose position has improved the most are Portugal, Estonia and Latvia. Overall progress has been driven by the openness and attractiveness of the EU research system as well as business innovation collaboration and the commercialisation of knowledge as measured by licence and patent revenues from abroad. However, growth in public R&D expenditure was offset by a decline in venture capital investment and non-R&D innovation investment in companies.